Fiber optic cables have been used for some time now and they will be the future of networking. For you to properly use them you need to consider these tips:
Pay close attention to connectors
Plenty of connectors are involved with fiber optics. The connectors have different roles and using the wrong one at the wrong place will result in the network not working effectively. To ensure that you install the right connector you should take your time to familiarize yourself with them. The most common that you need to know about are: “stick-and-click,” “stick-and-twist,” and “lucent connector.” Every connector should be used at its right place. If you have never installed the cable before ask a professional to help you with the installation.
Never mix single mode and multimode cables
While the two cables might look similar, thus be tempted to mix them up, they are very different and you should never use them on the same line. Before you go ahead with the installation you should know that the two are incompatible. The two types of cables have many differences.
Multimode cables have a larger core size that makes it possible for you to uses less-powerful, less-expensive light sources. Its major flaw is that it lends itself to modal dispersion where light tends to bounce around inside the core. This limits the cable’s useful range to about 2 kilometers.
Single mode fiber, on the other hand, combines powerful lasers and cabling with a narrow core size of 9 microns in order to keep the light focused. The cable has a range of up to 130 km. Its major flaw is that it’s expensive thus you should be ready to part with a substantial amount of money.
Protect the receiver by attenuation
If the designers used a single mode fiber over a short distance, it can result to oversaturation of the receiver at the end of the connection. To protect the receiver you should undertake attenuation. This is where you deliberately reduce the signal strength without impacting the integrity of the line. There are many attenuators that you can go for. The most common are the O-rings that come in different dB values. You should work with a professional who will guide you on choosing the right ring.